1705. A 1705 leaf showing the placement of the North Pole and surrounding areas; edges uneven; four brown stains to map; chip missing from lower left corner; minor worming; some creasing to map; condition good-; protected in a mylar sleeve. Dimensions: height 15 3/4 inches x 18 3/4 inches. Located at Dupont store.
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Based on material collected by the Dutch Astronomer Peter Laicksteen, who travelled to the Holy Land in 1556. Christian Sgrooten (here written “Schrot”), royal geographer to King Phillip II of Spain produced a nine-sheet map of Palestine in 1570 from Laikstain’s information. This map was condensed into the present form by Abraham Ortelius. Ortelius, the creator of the first modern atlas, collected and edited maps from all over Europe for his book. Many of the original mapmakers rose to fame solely through Ortelius’s decision to include their maps in his atlas. Laicksteen took thorough and accurate notes, and the original Laicksteen and Sgrooten map contained improvements over earlier maps. For instance, the River Kishon is here shown as flowing from the mountains near the Sea of Galilee, not, as was previously thought, from the Sea of Galilee itself. However, the Levantine coastline Sgrooten (and Ortelius) depicted is hardly recognizable to modern eyes. The map is replete with fanciful bays and peninsulas, though some of the most recognizable features of the coastline, such as the outcrops of land at Haifa and Beirut are absent. Ortelius had originally used another map of the Holy Land (by cartographer Tilleman Stella) in the early editions of the Theatrum Orbis Terrarum. It covered a far more extensive territory, including part of Egypt and Syria. Oddly, the coastline in this first map was much more accurate than in the Sgrooten map. Laicksteen and Sgrooten’s original map included a small inset with an extended geography. However, their mapping of the Dead Sea and surrounding areas was so controversial that Ortelius chose to leave out this region completely. The strange anecdote written in the Dead Sea is Ortelius’s own addition. It describes how the Dead Sea was once a fertile valley, but was transformed by an act of God into a barren sea to punish the wickedness of Sodom and Gomorrah. In the bottom left hand corner is a hand colored illustration of the story of Jonah. Above the luscious cartouche Ortelius has added three miniatures featuring the Crucifixion, the Nativity, and the Resurrection of Christ. The French text on the verso, a long-winded description with little relevance to the map, was changed to a more “reader-friendly” version shortly after the publication of this edition. 525 copies were made of this edition of Ortelius’s map. Condition: Very Good. Age toning; central crease. Matted but not framed. Dimensions w 26.5 h 22.
Four small maps framed together, each illustrating some portion of North and South America. The set includes the following: 1) Nova Virginiae Tabula, by Pieter van den Keere and Jan Jansson, Amsterdam, 1631. A fine example of the 1631 German edition of Jansson’s derivative of John Smith’s highly important map of 1612, which was the only regional map of North America to appear in the Atlas Minor Gerardi Mercatoris. The map shows a fascinating early look at the Chesapeake Bay and the surrounding environs, including American Indian tribes, villages, rivers, and other early details. According to Burden, this is the first derivative of the Smith map to appear in an atlas, pre-dating the Hondius map by two years. 2) America, from Gerard Mercator’s Atlas Minor. This extremely popular volume was first published in 1607, but this map is c. 1610. 3) L’Amerique septentrionale, by Guillaume de Lisle (1675-1726). This map is taken from La science des personnes de la cour, de l'épée et de la robe, volume 1. This encyclopedia was published in Amsterdam by Francois L’Honore in 1707. 4) Descriptio Terrae Novae: Virginia et Nova Francia, 1618. This charming miniature map depicts the east coast of North America, and is based on Hondius’s world map from 1611. It does not incorporate new information from Samuel de Champlain (in Canada and along the Great Lakes) or of John Smith (in the Chesapeake Bay are and New England). The area from present-day New York to Maine is labeled Norenbega, and the area further south is labeled Virginia, with the Chesapeake Bay noticeably missing. A region just east of a large mountain range (the Appalachian mountains) is labeled Alpachen, and the St. Lawrence River features prominently at the top. Latin text on verso. Condition: all Very Good, with light to moderate even age toning. One map (3) shows a light crease, and one (2) appears to have a small tear at the bottom margin which does not impact the image. Double matted and framed; not examined out of frame. Dimensions w 23.75 x h 18.5 in.
A detailed map of the Lombardy region of Italy, the work of Gerardus Mercator (1512-1594), the celebrated Flemish cartographer. Condition: Good to Very Good. Age toning, a central crease with faint water staining toward the bottom. Matted and framed between two panes of glass, so that the text on the reverse is visible even while framed. Not examined out of frame. Dimensions w 23.25 in x h 20.50 in.
Columbus Erdglobus, 1937/1938. A terrestrial globe produced by the German company Columbus Erdglobus. This model shows, in addition to contemporary political boundaries, global sea routes. It is mounted on a wooden stand. Condition: Good. Some cracking and separation at the seam at the equator, and some minor general scuffing to the surface of the globe. Dimensions w 14 in x h 26.5 in Located at our Dupont Store.