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EIGHT PAMPHLETS REGARDING THE YAZOO LAND SCANDAL, BOUND TOGETHER, WITH THE OWNERSHIP OF AND HAND ANNOTATED INFORMATION BY JOHN RANDOLPH

Washington, DC: 1795-1805. 8vo.; VG-; 1/2 bound, black spine with gilt lettering, marbled boards; moderate wear to boards, including bumping to corners, fraying to corner and board edges, small separation at hinges; spine has some cracking and small amount of peeling; larger bump on upper edge of rear board; lower edge of front board rubbed enough that it is no longer even with the rear board, and the volume with not stand upright alone; front board slightly loose, but still attached; ex-library, with a bookplate for Mt. Wesley School Seventh and Eighth Grade on the front pastedown, and a handwritten presentation statement.

The following items are bound in:
1) Report Of The Committee To Whom Was Referred, On The 26th Ultimo, The Consideration Of The Expediency Of Accepting From The State Of Connecticut A Cession of Jurisdiction Of The Territory West Of Pennsylvania, Commonly Called The Western Reserve Of Connecticut. 21st March, 1800. Published by order of the House of Representatives. 31 pages (lacking pages 11-14), Randolph has made notes or annotations on pages 7, 10, 16.
2) Charge Of Judge Patterson. April Term, 1795. 24 pages, page 15 has some fading to the upper fore corner., no writing.
3) Message From The President Of The United States, Accompanying Certain Articles Of Agreement And Cession, Which Have Been Entered Into And Signed By The Commissioners Of The United States. 26th April, 1802. Read, and ordered to lie on the table. 'complete copy' written on title page. 8 pages.
4) Report Of The Commissioners Appointed In Pursuance Of An Act For The Amicable Settlement Of Limits With The State Of Georgia, And Authorizing The Establishment Of A Government In The Mississippi Territory. 29th November, 1804. pages 9-156. Published by order of the House of Representatives. Randolph has made notes or annotations on pages 58, 59, 111, 122.
5) Certain Principles, and Observations, On The Late Rescinding Act Of The State Of Georgia, In 1796, And The Convention There-After Had-Submitted For Consideration. One page, front and back, folded twice vertically and once horizontally. Edges unevenly cut. Small water stain.
6) Memorial, &c. Of The Virginia Yazoo Company, To The Congress Of The United States. Washington: Printed by William Duane & Son. 1802. 36 pages. Randolph has made notes or annotations on pages 3, 27.
7) Memorial Of The Agents Of The New England Mississippi Land Company To Congress With A Vindication Of Their Title At Law Annexed. [4] 7 pages, 109 pages. Randolph has made notes or annotations on page 86. Vindication printed by A. & G. Way, City of Washington, 1804.
8) Remarks, Occasioned By The View Taken Of The Claims Of 1789, In A Memorial To Congress Of The Agents Of The New England Mississippi Land Company With A Vindication Of Their Title At Law, Annexed. 35 pages. Printed by William Duanr & Son, Washington City, 1805. Randolph has made notes or annotations on title page.
9) Facts, In Reply To The Agents Of The New England Land Company. [2], 26 pages. Randolph has made notes or annotations on page 26.

Randolph has written part or all of his name on title pages of items 1, 6, 7, 8, 9.

On the front endpaper facing the first title page is a page of handwritten notes in Randolph's hand. The full text is as follows:
**I have had this 'report' bound up with the Yazoo papers, because, in principle, it sanctions that kindred fraud. John Marshall was Chairman of the Committee, he brought it in, but it was not in his ['his' underlined] power to make any sort ['sort' underlined] of a defense of it. What more can be said of it in justice?
Gallatin, on this occasion, bargained with the Yankees. I told his friends. All Pennsylvania at this instance voted for the Bill. He did not dare to say one word in favor of it.
Granger, on behalf of the Connecticut Democrats, approached Mr. Macon + depreciated the ruin of Republicanism in his country (He was an agent for the claim). Mr. Macon told him "The sooner such Republicanism was ruined the better!"**

Bio:
At the start of Jefferson’s administration, in 1801, Randolph was not only the majority leader, but the president’s confidant as well. He either drafted or managed all of Jefferson’s major legislative initiatives, including the elimination of internal taxes, payment of the national debt, financing for the Louisiana Purchase, rollbacks in the size of government, and repeal of the Federalist Judiciary Act. Then came the culmination of the Yazoo land fraud and scandal. Beginning in 1795, the Georgia legislature transferred thirty-five million acres, known as the Yazoo land, to four land companies at a cost of one and a half cents per acre. The land giveaway was stunning in itself, but outrage was had once it was revealed that every member of the legislature who voted for the transfer had been bribed with shares in the very same Yazoo land companies. The citizens of Georgia voted out every known corrupt legislator and immediately rescinded the land transfer. The question then became: Who owned the land? The state of Georgia argued that by rescinding the corrupt transfer, it was Georgia's, but the numerous purchasers who had bought the land from state established land companies argued that it was theirs. Secretary of State James Madison crafted a settlement under which Georgia would cede the Yazoo territory to the United States for $1,250,000 and a reserve of five million acres to satisfy other claimants. Randolph opposed this “bailout” and was shocked Jefferson would support it. He saw no authority in the Constitution for such action and believed the state of Georgia had the right to reverse a fraudulent act.

Shortly after the Yazoo issue came the failed impeachment trial of Justice Samuel Chase. Randolph believed, as did Jefferson, that impeachment was the constitutional mechanism for removing judges. He believed that impeachment of judges was unlike presidential impeachment, which is for high crimes and misdemeanors, and was the sole check the legislature had on judges. So when Justice Chase starting advocating for Federalist policy positions from the bench, Randolph brought a bill of impeachment. The House impeached Chase, but the Senate did not convict. And at some point during the process, Jefferson backed off and left Randolph alone in the fight. James Madison, who did not like Randolph, also gave Republicans cover for not voting to convict. Randolph rightly felt betrayed, lamenting that Jefferson had effectively taken away the only check the legislature had on the court. Jefferson wrote: “The example of John Randolph, now the outcast of the world, is a caution to all honest and prudent men to sacrifice a little of self-confidence and to go with their friends although they sometimes think they are going wrong.” To Randolph though, the only reason he was sent by Virginia to Congress was to secure freedom. As such, he denounced liberty’s foes in all their forms. To him, government attracted these anti-principles, funded them by oppressive taxation, consolidated them in burgeoning agencies, and facilitated them by opportunism and duplicity. There could be no compromise with such forces. “I challenge any man,” he said, “to put his finger upon any vote or act of mine that contravenes [the liberty of the citizen] or to show the vote given by me that tends to abridge the rights of the States, the franchises of the citizen, or even to add to his burdens in any shape.” The “Old Republicans” were a party that formed from the remnant of Jeffersonian Republicans who split with Jefferson over the issues listed above and stood with Randolph. They were called the “Tertium Quids”, Latin for “third something”, because they were neither Republicans or Federalists, with Randolph as the chief Quid.

shelved case 1.

[Book #9-114-1279917]
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EIGHT PAMPHLETS REGARDING THE YAZOO LAND SCANDAL, BOUND TOGETHER, WITH THE OWNERSHIP OF AND HAND ANNOTATED INFORMATION BY JOHN RANDOLPH
EIGHT PAMPHLETS REGARDING THE YAZOO LAND SCANDAL, BOUND TOGETHER, WITH THE OWNERSHIP OF AND HAND ANNOTATED INFORMATION BY JOHN RANDOLPH
EIGHT PAMPHLETS REGARDING THE YAZOO LAND SCANDAL, BOUND TOGETHER, WITH THE OWNERSHIP OF AND HAND ANNOTATED INFORMATION BY JOHN RANDOLPH
EIGHT PAMPHLETS REGARDING THE YAZOO LAND SCANDAL, BOUND TOGETHER, WITH THE OWNERSHIP OF AND HAND ANNOTATED INFORMATION BY JOHN RANDOLPH
EIGHT PAMPHLETS REGARDING THE YAZOO LAND SCANDAL, BOUND TOGETHER, WITH THE OWNERSHIP OF AND HAND ANNOTATED INFORMATION BY JOHN RANDOLPH
EIGHT PAMPHLETS REGARDING THE YAZOO LAND SCANDAL, BOUND TOGETHER, WITH THE OWNERSHIP OF AND HAND ANNOTATED INFORMATION BY JOHN RANDOLPH
EIGHT PAMPHLETS REGARDING THE YAZOO LAND SCANDAL, BOUND TOGETHER, WITH THE OWNERSHIP OF AND HAND ANNOTATED INFORMATION BY JOHN RANDOLPH
EIGHT PAMPHLETS REGARDING THE YAZOO LAND SCANDAL, BOUND TOGETHER, WITH THE OWNERSHIP OF AND HAND ANNOTATED INFORMATION BY JOHN RANDOLPH
EIGHT PAMPHLETS REGARDING THE YAZOO LAND SCANDAL, BOUND TOGETHER, WITH THE OWNERSHIP OF AND HAND ANNOTATED INFORMATION BY JOHN RANDOLPH
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