DISTINCTIONES THOMISTARUM. Andreas Rudolph Bodenstein von Karlstadt.


Wittenburgii [Wittenberg]: Ioannem Gronenberg [Rhau-Grunenberg, Johann], 1508. First Edition. Quarto, 28 leaves; Near Fine; bound in marbled paper-covered boards; lacking leaves dd/ee and ff/gg; title page printed in black and red; small black ink stain to pages B/C; minor tide-marks to the fore and upper edges; wide margins; sticker with '809' on front cover;

Per colophon: (Impressum Wittenburgii per Ioannem || Gronenberg. Anno M.D.VIII. || III Kalendas Ianua: ||); last leaf printed with Hebrew and Greek.;

extremely scarce; PD consignment; shelved case 4.


Shelved Dupont Bookstore

Price: $4,400


USTC 640263;
USTC lists only 2 copies, at the Universitätsbibliothek in Leipzig and the Staatsbibliothek Preußischer Kulturbesitz in Berlin.;

Contains what is presumed to be the earliest printing in Wittenberg of Hebrew type. E.N. Adler, Gazetteer of Hebrew Printing (1917) lists 1518 as the first Hebrew type in Wittenberg. "Boschenstein's "Hebr. Grammatical Institutions." 4to." Niggemann cites Miletto and Veltri (among others) stating that this edition of Distinctiones Thomistarum was the first with Hebrew typeset. [Niggemann: Martin Luther's Hebrew in Mid-Career, page 12, 2019. Miletto and Veltri: Hebrew Studies in Wittenberg (1502–1813), 2012];

The Latin below the Hebrew text translates as “Jesus, son of God, and son of David and son of Mary, king of the world.” The Greek letters at the bottom “Alpha Betta Kappa” stand for Andreas Rudolph- Bodenstein von Karlstadt.;

While dated 1508, it was actually published December 30, 1507. [Freys & Barge. Schriften des Andreas Bodenstein von Karlstadt 2];

Karlstadt was a close associate of Martin Luther and one of the earliest Protestant Reformers. He operated as a church reformer largely in his own right, and after coming in conflict with Luther, he switched his allegiance from the Lutheran to the Reformed camp, and later became a radical reformer before once again returning to the Reformed tradition. [wikipedia];

Johann Grünenberg established the University of Wittenberg's first printing press and is presumed to have been the printer of Luther's 95 Theses in a single-sheet print (folio sheet in two columns). He settled in Wittenberg in 1507, where he set up a printing shop in the Augustinian monastery.;

[In Distinctiones Thomistarum] "he adopts a position, which provides a Thomist reading of the Scotist doctrine of formal distinction, which was based on the 15th-century Thomist John Capreolus. Nonetheless, the summary at the end of the works reveals that he largely fails in harmonizing the two positions in several respects." [Kärkkäinen, Nominalism and the Via Moderna in Luther's Theological Work, 2017];

Thomism is the philosophical school that arose as a legacy of the work and thought of Thomas Aquinas, while Scotism is the philosophical and theological system or school named after 13th century Scottish philosopher-theologian John Duns Scotus. [wikipedia];